Anthropometry Technique And Physiological Changes

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Anthropometry technique and physiological changes in life stages

Anthropometry has been around since the 19th century. Scientists have developed incipient techniques such as MRI, CT scans for quantifying body compositions. According to Jellife (1966), “Anthropometry is the measurement of the variations of physical dimensions and composition of the human body at different age levels”. Anthropometry can be used to assess the nutritional status of the individual within a population by determining physiological factors whether an individual is well nourished or undernourished.
Anthropometric technique can be identified as a direct method and developed measurements of body weight, height, circumference, and skinfold thickness. (1) Body mass index (BMI) is calculated weight/height and used as Weight. The body weight takes into account the age and gender of the individual. The weight was measured using a digital scale and used to categorise both overweight or obesity and also eating disorders (Wells, 2006). Individuals will need to remove heavier outer garments for example, jackets, coats and shoes, the scale will be balanced at zero before the individual stands on the scale. The weight is measured in kilograms in adults. All participants should be measured except pregnant women or persons who have difficulty standing.
Another technique is (2) the standing height measured with a wall mounted stadiometer which measures the growth of the individual. The individual need
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