Anti Muslim And Anti Islam ' Sentiments And Associated Everything Muslim Related With Negative Stereotypes

1389 WordsJan 21, 20166 Pages
The fact that the West had formed ‘anti-Muslim’ or ‘anti-Islam’ sentiments and associated everything Muslim related with negative stereotypes has been widely accepted since the publication of Orientalism by Edward Said in the late 1970s. It is through this divide that the term Islamophobia was first seen as a distinct term after the 1997 publication of the report “Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All” by the British Runnymede Trust (1997). Since then, the term Islamophobia has been widely used in a variety of context yet there is still no universal definition of the term, which allows the press, including the British newspapers, to find loopholes within discourse that would allow them to put forward radical statements. Although the 1997 Runnymede Trust report has its limitations due to the diverse and sometimes clashing perspectives, it gives the term a relatively honed sense. It labels Islamophobia as “a useful shorthand way of referring to dread or hatred of Islam—and, therefore, to fear or dislike of all or most Muslims” (Runnymede Trust 1997, 1), but makes the distinction between disagreeing with Islamic doctrine and practices of Muslim states, which it deems as “legitimate criticism” and true Islamophobia, which it defines as “unfounded prejudice and hostility” (p. 4). The report not only sees Islamophobia as a collection of negative sentiments but also extends it to “the practical consequences of such hostility in unfair discrimination against Muslim individuals and
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