Antibiotic Resistance And Its Effects

1245 WordsJan 25, 20175 Pages
Recently, a woman in Nevada died at the hands of a “superbug” that was resistant to every antibiotic available in the U.S., a sobering incident to the medical community. The patient was infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria that had become resistant to cabapenems (a class of antibiotics that are typically used as a last resort when other antibiotics have failed), therefore becoming a “Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae” (CRE). The bacteria was discovered to be resistant to no less than 26 different antibiotics. Such a story could potentially become true for other patients as more multidrug resistant strains develop and spread, rendering the current antibiotics in use today useless. Antibiotics play a huge and important role in…show more content…
In the end, the hospital will probably never see the complete eradication of the superbug from it (Vastag, 2012). Antibiotic resistance is also tacking on an additional “$20 billion in excess direct health care costs” and contributing $35 billion to costs from lost productivity (CDC, 2013), evidence that it is taking an increasing toll on successfully treating patients and getting them back on their feet without undue delay. According to the CDC, “the use of antibiotics is the single most important factor leading to antibiotic resistance” and “up to 50 percent of all the antibiotics prescribed for people are not needed or are not prescribed appropriately” (CDC, 2013), highlighting the fact that antibiotic resistance is a result of how much, and how we use antibiotics. For example, patients fail to complete the course of their treatment (especially because they feel better), skip doses, or do not take the antibiotics according to the instructions. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is an excellent example of resistance by bacteria resulting from mismanagement of treatment. The World Health Organization says that people with tuberculosis that undergo treatment are usually subject to a “strictly followed, 6-month drug regimen that is provided to patients with support and supervision.” However, patients sometimes use the drugs incorrectly, get ineffective formulations of the drugs, or stop treatment at an inappropriate time, allowing “multidrug resistance to… [continue to]
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