Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria

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There seems to be an ongoing battle between the evolution of bacteria and modern medicine. This has become a serious problem in hospitals as bacterial resistant infections continue to be on the rise despite the practice of standard precautions that treat all patients as if they have an infectious disease. One of the leading public health threats today is meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or MRSA. With all of the advancements in medicine, it is hard to believe that we do not have the ability to manufacture new antibiotics that would target these resistive organisms. The problem is not only confined to the United States but affects people globally. According to Bartlett, Gilbert, & Spellberg (2013) this is being considered a…show more content…
This is another example of how negligence can and has caused harm to the public by resistant bacteria entering into our food supply and causing major outbreaks of food poising in recent years (Arias & Murray, 2009). The spread of antibiotic resistant salmonella or E coli can be easily transferred to humans by consumption of meat, eggs, and dairy. Antibiotic-resistant E. coli can also contaminate produce by either run off from animal processing plants or from crops that are fertilized with manure (Khachatourians, 1998). Both MRSA and E. coli are examples of drug resistant bacterium that migrate between humans, animals, and the environment and are easily dispersed around the globe (Finley, et al., 2013). Finley, et al., (2013) states that in addition to reducing domestic and agricultural waste into the environment, there should also be improvements in sanitation as well as higher standards of our water supplies. In addition to the widespread of antibiotics in agriculture, there is also the issue of antibiotic resistant bacteria spreading in hospitals and healthcare facilities. Alexander Fleming, the Pharmacologist who discovered penicillin, warned of both the overuse and especially the underuse of antibiotics back in 1945. He stated “there may be a danger in the underdosage of antibiotics. It is not difficult to make microbes resistant to penicillin in the laboratory by exposing them to concentrations not sufficient to kill them, and the same
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