Cognitive Behavioural Therapy has been described as a sticking plaster ' for the problems that people may bring to counselling (Observer, 19/02/06). With reference to the literature, critically evaluate the arguments for and against this view. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a combination of two kinds of therapy; cognitive therapy
What is an ESA? An ESA (Emotional Support Animal) is a Depression is a mental health disorder that can be characterized by loss of interest of once enjoyable activities, and a persistent mood of depression (MacGill, 2017). As previously stated earlier in this paper, hundreds of millions suffer from this debilitating mental disorder on a global scale and is extremely prevalent in today’s society. According to MacGill, those individuals suffering from depression often times have symptoms consisting of feelings of loneliness, worthlessness, apathy, or depressed moods and tend to have a difficult time doing things or getting out of bed (2017). Other symptoms that arrive with depression can also include irritability, anxiety, isolation, lethargic tendencies, suicidal thoughts, appetite loss, and weight gain or loss. There are numerous causes of depression, according to MacGill, ranging from genetics, environmental factors, traumatic events, psychological and psychosocial problems, drugs and drug abuse, having had a major depressive disorder, or a change in neurotransmitter levels (2017). Serotonin, a neurotransmitter that results in a happy feeling, is typically found in highly reduced levels in those who suffer from depression which usually leads to said person being diagnosed SRIs (serotonin reuptake inhibitors) as a form of treatment and is usually prescribed
Major depressive disorder is one of the most common mental disorders, with a 12-month prevalence of 6.7% of adults in the United States (NIMH). There is no definite etiology of depression, but several risk factors have been identified. Functional and structural changes in the brain have also been
The linkage of serotonin to depression has been known for the past five years. From numerous studies, the most concrete evidence of this connection is the decreased concentration of serotonin metabolites like 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindole acetic acid) in the cerebrospinal fluid and brain tissues of depressed people. If depression, as suggested, is a result of decreased levels of serotonin in the brain, pharmaceutical agents that can reverse this effect should be helpful in treating depressed patients. Therefore, the primary targets of various antidepressant medications are serotonin transports of the brain. Since serotonin is activated when released by neurons into the synapse, antidepressants function at the synapse to enhance serotonin activity. Normally, serotonin's actions in the synapse are terminated by its being taken back into the neuron then releases it at which point "it is either recycled for reuse as a transmitter or broken down into its metabolic by products and transported out of the brain." As a result, antidepressants work to increase serotonin levels at the synapse by blocking serotonin reuptake (2).
CYMBALTA (DULOXETINE) Cymbalta (Duloxetine) is a Serotonin Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitor (SNRI) use to treat depression (Breggin, 2013). There are several therapeutic and biological alternatives being implemented to control hopelessness. Many researcher are recommending other types of treatments before psychotropic therapy is implemented (O 'Mathuna & Larimore, 2010). Some of the therapeutic alternatives are Reflexology, Craniosacral Therapy (CST), Acupuncture, Exercise, Meditation and Direct Amino Acid Therapy Maintenance (Keegan, 2001). St John’s Wort, Passionflower, Valerian and Omega 3 fatty acids are a few of the biological options available to combat depression (Keegan, 2001). The dietary supplements tryptophan and
Because Ca2+ is the central point for all mentioned processes, we focused our interests on hyperforin which is Ca2+-modulator. Hyperforin is the natural and biologically active compound extracted from Hypericum Perforatum (St John Wort) (26). The St John Wort extract and hyperforin attenuated symptoms of mild to moderate depression in a few clinical trials. Both extract and hyperforin displayed antidepressant-like activity in preclinical studies (27, 28).
Many people argue whether or not antidepressant drugs are safe for young patients. Multple studies say that these drugs cause an increase of suicidal thoughts to the patients. Other studies state that they improve patients’ lives in remarkable ways. There are risks, but there are also benefits. With warnings being issued and multiple studies being released with different conclusions, it is up to the patients themselves and their parents to decide whether the risks or benefits outweighs the other.
Antidepressants. By Dr Vasilios Silivistris DipSup DipComp BA MA FRSH MBACP PhD Antidepressants are a type of medication used to treat depression or prevent it recurring. In addition, they are used to treat a number of other conditions including; • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), • Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). How do antidepressants work? The belief is that antidepressants work by increasing levels of a group of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters. Certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and noradrenaline, can improve mood and emotion, although we do not yet fully understand this process
The Depressing Truth About Antidepressants In 2005 the Center of Disease Control and Prevention 's (CDC’s) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) tracked Americans using antidepressants for three years. The study concluded in 2008 that more than 1 in 10 Americans ages 12 and older have used an antidepressant drug. This study comes in the wake of a heated debate in the media about the effectiveness of antidepressants treating depression. Last year, antidepressants were the second most commonly prescribed medication, right behind drugs directed to lower cholesterol. With so many people in the United States relying on these drugs, it is easy to question if they are just expensive, overused placebos.
Sunsprite According to the DBSA in the US alone depression affects 6.7% of adults. This is approximately 14.8 million people who are diagnosed yearly. Depression puts you at a risk four times higher than that of a non depressed person for a heart attack. The majority of depressed peoples are women. In the medical world there are many techniques to combat depression. There are many forms of prescription antidepressants including; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Thanks to Ed Likovich, Kasey Russell, Richard Schwartz, Jacqueline Olds and Tom Hayes there is another form of prescribed antidepressant that we now know as Sunsprite.
Should antidepressant drugs be prescribed for children suffering from depression? Depression is a serious mental condition that is characterized by extreme feeling of sadness, worthlessness and hopelessness, fatigue, irritability, loss of appetite, inability to concentrate, and insomnia or excessive sleeping. “One in four young people aged 16 to 24 experience mental health problems during their teenage years, For youths under 14, mental disorders make up 22.6 per cent of the burden of disease. For those aged 15 to 24, almost half (49 per cent) of the estimated burden of disease in young people is due to mental disorders. (Lisa Mayoh) Antidepressant drugs should not be prescribed for children for depression because of rise in suicide, causes
BEATING DEPRESSION The demand for antidepressants has skyrocketed since the early 1990’s with a majority of users being adults. Appalling to this fact is that about half of those under the prescriptions have in the recent past visited a mental health professional. In addition to this, almost 60 percent of those who use antidepressant do not really need them. I also concur with the fact that our modern lifestyle has contributed so much to augment depression rate.
In a St. John’s Wart overview published by Berkley (2014), they reported that their “studies do not support the use of St. John’s wort for severe depression, depression of long duration, or bipolar disorder. There’s little or no good evidence that it relieves anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, seasonal affective or
Natural treatments for depression entailing the use of herbal therapy are becoming commonplace with the onset of herbal medicine in the mainstream of medical administration. Renewed Attention To The Herbal Approach Depression and anxiety treatments are gaining new, albeit actually traditional, grounds. Herbal medicines used for the treatment of depression are becoming
Introduction In Exploring Psychology, Myers states that “depression is one of two disorders found worldwide” (521). On account of this fact, research and treatment of depression is widely studied. One of the biggest questions one must ask when it comes to treatment of depression, though, is what will actually benefit a person? The most popular ways to treat depression are cognitive behavioral therapy and pharmacotherapy; both are very different, but may have similar effects.