Antimicrobial Resistance : Antibacterial Resistance

1259 WordsMar 22, 20166 Pages
There is no doubt that antimicrobial agents have saved the human kind from a lot infectious diseases. A few years after the discovery of the first antibiotics, scientists made the observation that some organisms could still survive the effects of the antimicrobial agents. That was the beginning of the concern that different microorganisms were getting resistance in their previously harmful agents. That is known today as antimicrobial resistance. (Sosa et al., 2010) Nowadays, Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is one of the most severe jeopardies to public health worldwide, especially in some countries such as USA, India and Greece. For instance, in the US, deaths caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), might be more than those caused by HIV. (Sosa et al., 2010) In the year of 2014, WHO’s global surveillance of antimicrobial resistance revealed that antibiotic resistance is no longer a prediction for the future; it is a threat happening right now, around the world, and is putting at risk the ability to treat common infections in the community and hospitals. In addition to the fact that very few new antibiotics will be developed in the near future, and possibly we already have as many as possible, the world is heading towards a post-antibiotic era, in which common infections, once treatable, can now be again really threatened for human kind. (World Health Organization, 2015). Unfortunately, no one can avoid the risk of antibiotic-resistant infections
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