Juvenile delinquency have increased globally, this new phenomenon can be directly linked to poor parenting techniques. Psychologists believe that the home is the natural school for children hence, parental interactions are vital in preventing delinquency. Over the years, extensive research have linked the styles of parenting used to juvenile delinquency. Baumrind (1971), defined three main parenting styles used; the Authoritarian parenting style, the Permissive parenting style and the Authoritative parenting style. Authoritarian parents are strict disciplinarians, they expect their children to follow stern rules. They are very controlling and power oriented. Also, they exhibit little affection and support towards their children.
What is the relationship between family dynamics and juvenile delinquency? Can the family environment really affect the delinquency of a juvenile? A broken home is one of the first factors that will be looked at. Do single parents have more juveniles involved in delinquency than families with two parents? Do families with just a mother present have more delinquency than a family with just a father? The second factor that will be looked at is drugs and alcohol in the home. How does drugs and alcohol relate to violence in the home? When parents get in trouble for their drug and alcohol use and get locked up, how is the family affected by this? The third factor that will be looked at is bad parenting. Is bad parenting caused simply by being too strict or not strict enough? Or could it be that parents lack the proper supervision of their children and allow them to do things that they shouldn’t? All of these factors will be looked at and discussed within this paper.
There is a strong association between childhood delinquency and the nonexistence of regard displayed adults in a child’s circle. In an old-fashioned since the more positive guidance you have, the better. For example, most would agree having a mother and a father in your life is always better then growing up with a single parent. In many cases, most would agree being brought up by a single parents there is a higher chance in becoming juvenile delinquent. The so called traditional family provides a more stable environment for a child to grow up in. It is a logical theory, reasons being in your normal family which consist of you father and mother you tend to have more time to balance family and a job versus single homes were single parent has the additional burdens of providing emotional as well as financial support. In traditional family there is normally always someone in the house to pick up the slack were the other is lacking. However, even in these cases where there are two parents there are exceptions, for example kids that are adopted and sometime rebel because of feelings of not belonging or parents that have problems communicating with their
It is not uncommon for a child in today’s society to be raised in a single-parent household Compared to peers in intact families, adolescents in single-parent families and stepfamilies seem more likely to engage in delinquency as I research. This relationship appears to be operating through differences in family processes parental involvement, supervision, monitoring, and parent child closeness—between intact and non-intact families and peers living in traditional intact families (two married-biological parents), youths living in two-biological-parent blended families, two biological- parent cohabiting families, biological mother- stepfather families, biological-mother cohabiting partner families, biological-mother only families, biological father-cohabiting partner families, biological-father-only families, grandparent only families, and foster families engaged, on average, in higher levels of antisocial behavior.
Kierkus and Hewitt (2009) in The Contextual Nature of the Family Structure/Delinquency relationship discussed how family structure is an important factor in delinquency but there might also be other factors that influence this type of behavior. The relationship between a nontraditional family structure and delinquency differs according to six distinct circumstances: gender, race, age, socioeconomic status (SES), family size, and place of residence (Kierkus and Hewitt, 2009). After analyzing these circumstances only age and family size affect more the family structure/delinquency relationship considering teens who suffered from parental attachment are older and come from larger families (Kierkus and Hewitt, 2009).
The behavior among juveniles and family problems among their homes is a major issue at hand in our society today. According to the National Criminal Justice Reference Service (2010), in the year 2010, 784 juveniles were arrested for murder, 2,198 for rape, and 35,001 for aggravated assault. The amount of juveniles being involved in violent crimes is very detrimental to all aspects of our society, but environmental factors are a major component of this issue that needs to be analyzed. The question is then is how does instability and turmoil within the family affect the rate of juvenile delinquency amount youth. Dysfunction within the family, negative peer pressure and substance abuse all influence the behavior and action of youth ages
While children’s delinquency has been tied to a wide variety of factors, ranging from personality, impulsivity, and intelligence to socioeconomic and community influences, family circumstances are consistently identified in both the research literature and the popular media as one of the leading predictors of delinquent behaviors (Farrington 2007). Before the nineteenth century, misbehavior and crime were defined so consistently in individualistic terms as a moral failure of the individual and that the influence of the family was not singled out for examination (FitzPatrick & Martin 1968). Many of the challenges most children face is due to not having their parents at home with them. One of the many reasons for parents being separated from
When a family is unable to offer a stable foundation they begin to face challenges. Problems in the family are commonly cited as variables that can lead to delinquency. Research points to dysfunctional parenting, abuse, family size, and neglect as some of the concerns that can influence the quality of a child’s life. Large families and indifferent parental attitude can create an environment where a child feels rejected. In a home where the parent’s attention is always divided, the child might be encouraged to act out as a way to seek
A child who is use to seeing marital discord in their home is sometimes prone to delinquent ways. Marital discord is the lack of concord or harmony between two married people. Many parents experience unhappy conflicts where they bicker a lot amongst each other and sometimes in front of the children. While most hostile parents get divorced, some decide to stay together for the sack of their children. These parents do not always understand how exposing their children to ongoing conflict can be very harmful to them. The children can be emotional and physical affected in ways such as depression, anti-social behavior, and aggressive delinquent behavior. The social learning theory argues that aggressive behavior is learned because children tend to imitate what they see. Researchers have come up with three major relationships between family disruption and delinquency which are trauma theories, life course theories, and selection theories. The trauma theories suggest that the loss of a parent has a damaging effect on children, most commonly because of the effect on attachment to the parent (Juby and Farrington 2001). Life course theories focus on separation as a long drawn out process rather than a discrete event, and on the effects of multiple stressors
Juveniles are often faced with circumstances that are beyond their control. Family structures have been increasing in great numbers and have affected their world. Previous research has demonstrated that juveniles have a higher propensity to commit delinquency when living in a single-parent household. The absence of a parental role model leads juveniles to seek that voidness somewhere else, regardless of the positive or negative influences being conveyed from role models. Although there have been many studies and research describing the effects and causes of child delinquency, there is little evidence regarding gender family structure and the effects on children. Additionally, there is no evidence as to the exact ramifications pertaining
Young children’s antisocial behaviour could be a major concern for Early Childhood Teachers (ECT) and families. In this paper, ‘antisocial behaviour’ will be used to define behaviour that violate social norms and the individuals or others’ property rights (Burt, Brent Donnellan, Slawinski, & Klump, 2016). It is critical for ECT to identify different types of young children’s antisocial behaviour and employ some strategies to cope with their antisocial behaviour. This paper will aim to address “What type of antisocial behaviour are most evident in the Early Childhood (EC) years and what are the implications for pedagogical practices in the Early Childhood Education (ECE) context?”
Juvenile delinquency is defined as criminal acts committed by someone of the juvenile age, or under 21 (citation?). It is believed that juveniles have characteristics or factors in their lives that lead them to perform these delinquent acts. These factors leading to delinquency could include social life, peers, parents with criminal past, school life, or even the controls placed on them by higher authorities or lack thereof. However, the family is one of the most influential groups a person has in one’s life. This
“Any form of delinquent behavior is 7.6% points lower among boys living with their biological fathers and is 8.5% points lower among boys who live with stepfathers and have no relationship with their biological fathers” (Cobb-Clark and Tekin, 2013). When it comes to adolescent girls, Cobb-Clark and Tekin (2013) found that if they live with their biological father, they are less likely to be involved in violent behavior, sell drugs and be involved in gangs than adolescent girls without fathers (Cobb-Clark and Tekin, 2013). This is about a 3.6%-point difference between girls with fathers and girls without fathers (Cobb-Clark and Tekin, 2013). In East et al. (2006) research for adolescent girls, it found that if the father left a girl’s life when she was five years old or younger, that child’s rate of teen pregnancy was increased compared to children whose father was absent between the ages of five and thirteen and those whose father was not absent. When adolescent boys were compared to adolescent girls, research done by Cobb-Clark and Tekin ( 2013) showed that adolescent boys engaged in more delinquent behavior than adolescent girls when there is no father figure present. This can carry on into the child’s adult life as
This paper will go over the nature and scope of juvenile antisocial behavior as it relates to organized gangs. It will describe three of the most common forms of antisocial behaviors in organized gangs. It will also cover and describe three types of proactive solutions to the gang violence.
The second theory I would like to relate to family structures is the social learning theory. Social learning theory says that juveniles learn to engage in delinquency from others (Agnew 129). This could relate to parents who divorced because one parent may be involved in delinquency and this may encourage the child to engage in delinquency as well as biological parents that were involved in delinquent acts and then the child was adopted later on in life. Once the child is adopted and they have already learned the beliefs favorable to