Antisocial Personality Disorder : The Big Five

846 WordsOct 13, 20154 Pages
Antisocial Personality Disorder The American Psychological Association (2015) definition of personality is “differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving.” There are five broad domains of personality called the Big Five, which includes agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and neuroticism. Each of these factors yields a cluster of characteristics called personality traits, which are a “combination of inherited characteristics and learned responses” (Comer, 2014). A personality disorder is a fixed “pattern of inner experience and outward behavior” (Comer, 2014) that is considered extreme, impairing, or remarkably different from what would be considered normal behaviors, thoughts, and experiences. The predominant characteristic of an antisocial personality is a general pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others. All other traits of the disorder appear to stem from this disregard. There is a significant amount research supporting both genetic and environmental theories, which suggests that disorders of personality are caused by genetic abnormalities, and that the presence of these abnormalities creates an extreme response to environmental triggers, leading to the development of a personality disorder. Approximately 2% to 3.5 % U.S. adults meet the criteria for antisocial personality disorder (APD) (Comer, 2014). A diagnosis can be made at age 18 years. Most persons with this diagnosis have a history of
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