Antoine Lavoisier

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Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier (lah vwah ZYAY) was one of the best-known French scientists and was an important government official. His theories of combustion, his development of a way to classify the elements and the first modern textbook of chemistry led to his being known as the father of modern chemistry. He contributed to much of the research in the field of chemistry. He is quoted for saying, "Nothing is lost, nothing is created, everything is transformed." Lavoisier was born in Paris, France on Aug. 26, 1743. When he was eleven years old he attended a college called Mazain. For Lavoisier's last two years in college he found a great deal of interest in science. He received an excellent education and…show more content…
With French astronomer and mathematician Pierre Simon Laplace, Lavoisier conducted experiments on the respiration in animals. Their studies showed a similarity between ordinary chemical reactions and the processes that happen in living organisms. These experiments were the basis for the science now known as biochemistry. Lavoisier also helped to develop a system for naming chemical substances based on their composition. This system is still in use. He made the very first modern chemistry text named Traité elémentaire de chimie (Elements of Chemistry). Many consider it the first textbook on modern chemistry. Here for the first time the elements are laid out systematically. His list included many compounds, which were thought to be elements at the time. Lavoisier worked out reactions in chemical equations that respect the conservation of mass. As a government official, Lavoisier was successful in creating agricultural reform, serving as a tax collection official, and overseeing the government's manufacture of gunpowder. On 1775 he was made commissioner of gunpowder. He was asked to improve the quality of French gunpowder. This boosted his career. Politically, Lavoisier was a moderate constitutionalist, and Marat and other radicals hated him because of this. He became involved in the Ferme Generale, a private tax-collection firm, which became a target during the Terror. When the Reign of Terror erupted in France, Lavoisier
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