The curriculum is a complex framework that is used in education and is firmly embedded in society (Brady & Kennedy, 2007). Within the curriculum there are key concepts which include the intended curriculum, enacted curriculum, null curriculum, negotiated curriculum, emergent curriculum, hidden curriculum and lived curriculum (Gobby, 2015). The intended curriculum as explained by Gobby (2015) is the plan or framework on a national, state, school and classroom level. The enacted curriculum is what is practiced and is translated into a learning experience (Gobby, 2015). The null curriculum according to Gobby (2015) refers to what is not taught or avoided by educators. The negotiated curriculum is more of a community and hands on part of the curriculum which is learning experiences decided by more than just the educator (Gobby, 2015). The emergent curriculum as described by Gobby (2015) is the exploration of interesting and personally meaning information to children. The hidden curriculum is things that children
In schools that switch, teachers play a big part in making sure kids learn each subject. Teachers have the opportunity to focus on just on one subject, rather than all of the subjects. In Source 2, “When a teacher teaches the same lesson throughout the day, he or she can ensure that students fully understand the material. The lesson may be of higher quality since the teacher only has to prepare one outstanding lesson to teach several times each day”(Source 2). This is because teachers have more time to really explain this one subject to all of the students. Teachers, who have to teach all of the subjects, may not be explaining each subject thoroughly because they don’t have enough time to prepare for many different subjects.
Ah Sam and Ackland (2005) defined curriculum as “… an interrelated set of plans of experiences that a student undertakes under the guidance of the school”. (p.42) While these two definitions are applied in school context, Horn and Banerjee (2009) described curriculum as the guidance of the project for a group of people. Similarly, Makura and Makura (2012) adopted the definition by Gatawa (1990) as “the instrument through which complex societies transmit and maintain cherished bodies of knowledge values and skills” (Makura & Makura, 2012, p. 509). They suggested that curricula did not exist in vacuum but shaped by a larger cultural values, traditions and beliefs of
Curriculums are the roadmaps for schools which provide purpose and direction for administrators, educators, parents, and students. Curriculum typically refers to, “the knowledge and skills students are expected to learn, which includes the learning standards or learning objectives they are expected to meet; the units and lessons that teachers teach; the assignments and projects given to students; the books, materials, videos, presentations, and readings used in a course; and the tests, assessments, and other methods used to evaluate student learning.” (Curriculum, 2015, para. 1) Curriculums may come in many shapes and forms, whether they’re purchased as a package at the school or district level or they’re created or refined by educators and
In a standardized curriculum, students become stressed because of the standards that are set. Students are not exploring, creating, or analyzing. Students are not developing their identity.
Any student, whether in elementary or college, learns better when the subject matter is thought-provoking and appealing. Traditional and old curriculum provides a baseline for students to meet and follow. Also, traditional curriculum is based of individualism and discourages exchanges between the student and teacher. Individual work teaches the child to develop internal critical thinking skills but it may bore the student. Teachers should continually interact with their students and challenge the student to think outside the box. Great teachers in today's system should help students develop a new way of thinking about history, math, english, and science and their education in general.
Education and understanding what the shift entails, how this will improve students academically, who will it directly affect, why the standards are better than the current curriculum, when will the grades improve and what if success is not the outcome? There will always be parents or grandparents that go the extra mile with their children by introducing all kinds of reading and learning before the child even begins school, possibly giving that student the
When curriculum are designed, planed daily activities follow. Curriculum designed by the interest of the children and go through steps. Include philosophies of education, theories, standards, principles values, research, and views on how children learn best. Usually contained different domains that children develop through the activities. Socio emotional, intellectual. Then, goals and objective are written and say how this goals will be recognize. A plan is coming for outside and inside environment, the activist have to be planned to be out or in the classroom.
If teacher have that warm sensitive, and responsive interaction with children it helps them develop security, positive sense of self, and encourages the child to respect and be cooperate with others. The second standard is Curriculum. The curriculum should be consistent for children’s goals and provide learning and development in their physical, social-emotional, language, and cognitive development. A curriculum helps the teachers to plan their daily schedule. It maximizes the child’s learning through effective use of materials, use of play, self-initiated learning, and creative expression. It offers the children the opportunity to learn as an individual or in group according to their interests and developmental needs. The third standard is Teaching. Teachers use developmentally, culturally, and linguistically appropriate and effective teaching approaches that will enhance the child’s learning and development in the context of program curriculum goals. The teachers who use multiple techniques optimize the child’s opportunities for learning. The instructional approach creates a positive learning environment for children to develop in all areas. The fourth standard is Assessment of Child Progress. These assessments are ongoing systematic, formal, and informal assessment approaches to help provide information on child’s learning and
In this journal Dyer talked about education in Rabaris. He said education is a mean for Rabaris to learn how to speak because they feel their low education handicap themselves a lot.
The curriculum and lesson plans can be too challenging for some student, the student(s) can
We all know that the K-12 program has been implemented in the year 2013. K-12 program include kindergarten, 6 years Primary education, 4 years Junior high school, and 2 years Senior high school. This program or curriculum will help the children to be ready bloated labor market. in our old curriculum a 10 years basic education is not effective by dumping our underage high school graduate in our bloated labor market, requiring three to four years in the collage or universities and in larger world, damaging the prospect of the nation’s youth both in foreign universities and foreign jobs.