Anxiety Disorder And Anxiety Disorders

1868 Words Nov 16th, 2015 8 Pages
Adolescence is a difficult time period in a young person’s transition into their later stage of both physical and mental development. Mood disorders are often overlooked during this time for the brain becoming more developed; however among children, anxiety disorders seem to be the most common disorders to be experienced (Nelson; Israel, pg 112). Barlow (2002) defines anxiety as a future-oriented emotion that is characterized by the inability to be in control and predict future events that can be potentially dangerous to the individual. Anxiety shares commonalities with fear, but the difference between the two being that fear is the initial response made from a present threat, where anxiety is due to a unknown future event. A common belief is that anxiety is one entity on its own, however, there are many variations for anxiety disorders that any one person can have. As described in the DSM V other forms of anxiety include Separation Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Selective Mutism, Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. The prevalence rates of children and adolescents developing an anxiety disorder is about 2.5-5% (Rapee, Schniering, & Hudson, 2009), however it is more so common that that younger individuals will meet criteria for more than one anxiety disorder. In the debate of nature vs. nurture, anxiety is seen as both a factor of the environment the child is raised in, as well as genes inherited by their parents.…
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