Anxiety, Mood, and Somatoforms

982 Words Apr 11th, 2012 4 Pages
Anxiety, Mood, Somatoform Disorders

PSY 410
December 12, 2011
R. Keith Franklin LPC.S

Anxiety, Mood, Somatoform Disorders
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is a reference book compiled by different experts to include psychiatrist, psychologists, and nurses. The DSM was created to provide a helpful guide to clinical practices and to serve as an educational tool for teaching psychopathology. The DSM classifies mental disorders in five areas called Axis’s. The areas of the DSM that will be discussed in more detail are anxiety, mood disorders, and dissociative or somatoform disorders. It will be interesting to compare the biological, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral components of each disorder.
Anxiety
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There are four disorders associated with dissociative disorder: dissociative amnesia, dissociative identity disorder, dissociative fugue, and depersonalization disorder. All of the disorders have common symptoms of memory loss, mental problems, sense of being detached, perception environment is distorted, and a blurred identity. These disorders usually develop as a way to cope with a traumatic event such as abuse. Therefore, children are at the greatest risk for dissociative disorders [ (Staff, Dissociative Disorders, n.d.) ]. People with dissociative disorders have a tendency to hide their symptoms from others. The dissociative identity disorder, formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is the presence of two or more identity states that control the individual’s behavior. Each identity is different from the other. At least one of the identities is a child or teenager who is happy or who is frightened. There are protector identities that can be aggressive toward anyone that poses a threat. They avoid dangerous situations. Some identities have names like “Sara,” or describe a trait like, “Shadow.” Most of the sufferers of DID are females although there have been high rates found in male sex offenders [ (Hansell, 2008) ].
Conclusion
Every living thing experiences anxiety, stress, and escape during situations of life. Persistent anxiety can cause impairment and lead to more serious

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