Anxiety and Sport

3155 WordsNov 21, 200813 Pages
The relationship between anxiety and sports Introduction. Anxiety is a reaction that is measured using various scales through the observation of cognitive and physiological symptoms that become evident in reaction to a stimulus. In relation to sports, anxiety is often associated with an upcoming performance. Anxiety could also be enhanced by the intense competition offered by sports. Anxiety in connection with sports is a good topic for research since could affect a person's athletic performance either positively or negatively (Mellalieu, Hanton & O'Brien, 2004). Many researchers on different levels have studied the relationship between sports activities and various health benefits. In particular, sports activities are known to…show more content…
In their article, Flett and Hewitt (2005) analyzed the effect of perfectionism to people, particularly focusing on deciding whether perfectionism leads to either adaptiveness or maladaptiveness. This goal is aimed through an analysis of research findings on perfectionism and its relationship with exercise and sports (Flett & Hewitt, 2005). Flett and Hewitt (2005) believe that while perfectionism may be important for the attainment of success in some sports, particularly those where “an error-free performance” is mandatory, perfectionism nevertheless leads to “self-defeating outcomes and unhealthy patterns of behavior” among athletes. This is the result of the extreme personality of people who strive too hard for perfection in their sports performance (Flett & Hewitt, 2005). From the 1990s, there have already been studies that address questions involving the relationship of perfectionism and sports. Frost and Henderson (1991) conducted a study among women in varsity teams that assessed self-confidence, reactions, and competition anxiety of the participants. This study led to the conclusion that perfectionism causes athletes to be overly concerned about their mistakes, which in turn cause negative and adverse outcomes on sports performance and attitudes. These include “anxiety, low confidence, a failure orientation, and negative reactions to mistakes during competition” (Flett &

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