Biculturalism has a massive role in Aoteaora New Zealand’s society and has a massive impact in its history. Having a clear understanding of it is crucial in order to be more appreciative of how diverse New Zealand’s society has become, and it also helps us discern the negative aspects of diversity and multiculturalism. By examining and understanding biculturalism, it helps us discern the Treaty of Waitangi’s role and influences in the human services provision here in New Zealand.
Biculturalism is quite a specific concept, but there are many diverse perceptions and interpretations on what it should look like. Ultimately, we can define biculturalism as two distinct cultures that exist in the same place and country (Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, 2010). Biculturalism in New Zealand refers to the two dominant cultures here, which are Maori and Pakeha (Ritchie, 1992). It has been known that New Zealand, before the Treaty of Waitangi was established, was widely a bicultural nation. The British settlers and Maori were exploring and examining ways to live in parallel with each other (Hayward, 2012). New Zealand was bicultural in multiple ways as both communities were effective in living within their own cultures in the same land. Throughout the years, Maori and Pakeha have learned each other’s ways of living resulting in the adaption of both cultures. This raises the first bicultural people of New Zealand, the Maori-Pakeha; Pakeha that lived in Maori