Virtual Meteorology 101
Name _______________________________ Period ______
Weather and climate are the two major abiotic (nonliving) factors responsible for determining the major geographic ecosystems called biomes.
Search the web and give a definition of weather:
The state of the atmosphere with respect to wind, temperature, cloudiness, moisture, pressure, etc.
Search the web and give a definition of climate: the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years.
Climate is closely associated with the seasons, but do you know what causes the seasons? Log on to the website…show more content… Explain why.
Winds blow slower in Florida due to the Coriolis Effect.
Which way do hurricanes and tornadoes spin in the Northern Hemisphere?
If you shoot a cannon from the equator pointing toward the North Pole, which way would the cannon ball appear to be deflected?
Does the Coriolis Effect cause water in the toilet to spin in opposite directions in the Northern vs. the Southern Hemispheres? Explain.
No because the Coriolis Effect changes the direction of cyclones which are much larger than sinks or toilets.
The Rain Shadow Effect also plays a major role in climate formation. Clink on the link below to learn about the Rain Shadow Effect. Be sure to read the Introduction. Then, click on the Animation and choose “narrated” at the bottom. Then, read the conclusion and see how you do on the practice quiz. Once you have done that, answer the questions below.
Does North America receive most of its winds from the Northeast Trades, the Southeast Trades, or from the Westerlies?
Which way do these winds blow?
West to East
What is the definition of a rain shadow?
A region of low precipitation on the leeward side of a mountain range
What happens to the temperature of rising air?
Does rising air expand or contract?
Which holds more water, warm air or cool air?
What happens to the water vapor in the air