Essay on Ap World Similarities and Differences China and Rome

1144 Words Mar 31st, 2013 5 Pages
Han China and Rome The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire both had a great influence not only on its people but the world as a whole. The two had similar and different methods of political control. Both ruled their people under a bureaucracy, they had civil servants to maintain their large empires, and their foundations were made of great and strong rulers. Aside from the similarities they also had several differences. Take China for example, they focused more on Confucianism and they had a Mandate of Heaven. Rome on the other hand used entertainment to distract and control the masses of its population.
To begin with, both Imperial Rome and Han China were ruled under a bureaucracy. In Rome the emperor was the ultimate authority. The
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Civilians could obtain government jobs by taking examinations. Loyal followers were also rewarded government posts by their emperor. Now what would The Han Dynasty and The Roman Empire do without their great and strong emperors? The emperors are pretty much the building foundations of the empire. Rome had the one and only Octavian who later took the title of Augustus. Augustus was Julius Caesar’s grandnephew and adopted son. He became the Roman Empire’s first emperor after defeating the combined forces of Mark Anthony and Queen Cleopatra. He brought the empire to a long and peaceful period which is known as Pax Romana. He also glorified Rome and created a form of government which is known as a bureaucracy that survived for centuries. There were other great emperors of Rome like: Nerva, Hadrian, Trajan, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelias. Nerva began the custom of adopting heir. Hadrian consolidated earlier conquests and reorganized the bureaucracy. Trajan help the empire reach its greatest extent; he undertook vast bulding programs and enlarged social welfare. Antoninus Pius reign largely a period of peace and prosperity similar to Pax Romana. Marcus Aurelias brought the Roman Empire to its height of economic prosperity, defeated invaders, and wrote a philospy. The Han Dynasty had the great emperor Wudi who reigned for 141 to 87 B.C; he was the emperor who ruled the longest. He was a courageous emperor; he expanded the Chinese empire through war. When
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