Apa Membership In Psychology

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A psychologist could automatically become a member of the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology (SSPP), by having the endorsements of two members, the payment of dues, and a membership in the American Psychological Association (APA). Nonmembers, with endorsements and payments of dues had to be voted in by the membership (Thomas, 2011); automatic membership for APA members was eliminated in 1940. The first African American to earn a PhD in psychology was Francis Cecil Sumner, he qualified for an SSPP membership in 1939, but his membership was delayed and eliminated. Sumner was known for his racial bias and supporting educational justice. In his article “Philosophy of Negro Education” Sumner states a series of stages in human civilization
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