Apa Style

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APA Referencing Summary
A guide to referencing based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). This summary gives examples of the APA referencing style for a number of information sources that you will commonly use. If you cannot find the relevant pattern here, then refer to the APA Publication Manual (6th ed.). Learning Skills highly recommends that you purchase a copy of Robert Perrin’s Pocket Guide to APA Style (3rd ed.) from the Co-op Bookshop. You should also explore using the EndNote software, which you can download for free from the library website. EndNote helps you to reference correctly, and to organize your research and notes. Go to:
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13) (Boland, 2001, Conclusion section, para. 2). When paraphrasing, “or referring to an idea contained in another work, you are encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number” (APA, 2010, p. 171, para. 6.04). Getting into the habit of quoting page numbers will help readers locate material in lengthy texts, and will assist in your revision. For a single page, the number is given thus: p. 27. For a range of pages: pp. 245–246.

Peter Butler, Manager, Learning, CSU Wagga

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Print Resources Books
Reference List
One author MacCulloch, D. (1996). Thomas Cranmer: A life. New Haven: Yale University Press. Note the hanging indent for reference list items. In titles of books and articles in reference lists, capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon or em dash (—), and proper nouns (APA, 2010, p. 101, para. 4.15). Where more than one place of publication is given, show only the first listed place. For the rules of capitalization of titles within the body of the paper, see APA, 2010, p. 101, para. 4.15.

In-text Citation
APA allows three forms for in-text citations: 1. Anne Bolyn died “with dignity” on 19 May 1536 (MacCulloch, 1996, p. 159). 2. MacCulloch (1996, p. 386) has suggested . . . 3. MacCulloch (1996) argues that “. . .” (p. 231).

Note the space before page numbers. Quotations of 40 or more words are set off as a block quotation, indented about 1cm. Quotation marks and italics are not used in this case.

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