Aphasia Is A Language Disorder

2209 Words Nov 9th, 2016 9 Pages
Aphasia is a language disorder where certain areas of the brain are damaged, which affects one’s ability to comprehend or produce speech and language. Nearly two million Americans have some type of aphasia, with about 180,000 American’s acquiring aphasia per year (NAA). There are many ways aphasia could be acquired such as, traumatic brain injury, infections, diseases or tumors. However, it is most commonly acquired by having a hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke. These events do not always lead to aphasia, but when they do, it is because the lesions are located in certain language centers of the brain, such as Broca’s Area or Wernicke’s Area. According to Schlaug, Marchina, and Norton (2008) about 600,000 to 750,000 strokes are documented each year in the US and around 20% of those who suffer from a stroke end up with some form of aphasia.
It has been shown over the years that intervention and therapy greatly benefits those with aphasia, allowing them to gain some of their language skills back or taking some of the strain off producing language. Melodic Intonation Therapy is one of the most efficient ways to treat adult’s affected with non-fluent aphasia. In this research paper it will be discussed what Melodic Intonation Therapy (MIT) is, the types of aphasias it is used for, how MIT is performed, research studies that give credit to MIT, and what criteria needs to be met before starting MIT.
Depending on where the lesion is it could result in different types of…
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