Essay on Apollo Program

2071 WordsJul 29, 20139 Pages
Michael Penwarden Phillip Whitworth 6/20/13 Senior paper "No nation which expects to be the leader of other nations can expect to stay behind in this race for space...We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.”- John F. Kennedy. The Apollo missions had one main goal, to land on the moon and get back to earth safely. Apollo was the third space flight program after Project Gemini and Project Mercury, flown by NASA (National Astronautics and Space Administration). The program started in 1967 and was able to land humans on the moon by 1972. The Apollo missions had important effects on technologies and the nation as a result of Kennedy’s dream to put a man on the…show more content…
It was launched July 5, 1966. (NASA) Apollo 4 was still an unmanned mission but it was given the name Apollo back. During this mission the objectives where to demonstrate structural integrity and operations needed for launch and recovery. The flight lasted nine hours and landed 16km off target. It successfully demonstrated the heat shield at lunar re-entry speeds. It was launched November 9, 1967. (NASA) The Apollo 5 mission was used to verify operations of the lunar module and evaluate descent propulsion systems. There was no Apollo capsule on this flight and no recovery; it was just testing the rocket. It was launched June 22, 1968. (NASA) Apollo 6 was the second flight of Saturn V; Saturn V was a type of rocket that they used. Problems occurred with vibrations when they caused two second-stage engines to shut down early. The third stage engine also failed and achieved high speed entry speeds. The problems with vibrations where fixed thus Saturn V was deemed safe for human. It was launched April 4, 1968. (NASA) Apollo 7 was very important; it was the first manned mission after the fire. It was also the first real flight due to Apollo 1 burning pre-launch. The launch was broadcasted live on TV and was very important because it proved America’s legitimate space program. The flight went off without a hitch and landed safely. The astronauts of Apollo 7 were Walter Schirra as commander, R. Walter Cunningham as lunar module pilot, and Donn F.
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