Apology Paper

1168 Words5 Pages
Apology Paper
SangYeob Kim
College of Southern Nevada

PHIL 102 - 1005
Howe, Richard
March 15, 2013

Apology Paper

In Apology by Plato, Socrates, who is convicted and sentenced to death by the jury of Athenian citizens, not only pleads his innocence, but also expresses his opinion on democracy. The speeches and dialogues Socrates makes in this book raises a question for the reader whether the jury of Athenian citizens is justified in convicting Socrates and condemning him to death. Although Socrates believes that he is innocent, the jury has justification. It is my contention that the jury is justified by the legitimacy of democracy. I will use the presentations Socrates makes in his defense to show how Socrates fails
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His purpose in defense, also, is suspect—Socrates, so far from refuting the accusation, does make didactic speeches in the court, where the jury may declare his end. Besides, he focuses on repudiating the existing conventions and authorities, rather than requests for favorable arrangements to the jury.
The deeds of Socrates, considered merely some trouble today, are the serious matters which have the high potential to damage the stability of the city. Athens was a direct democratic state, whereupon the decision from the court of Athens is, that is to say, the decision of public. It means that we can interpret the verdict of the jury that the city as a whole refuses the existence of Socrates. Socrates fails in persuading the jury with his defense, and the jury, with legitimate process, judges him on behalf of the entire city; the jury is justified.
Socrates, again, justifies his not leaving Athens while equating the role of the state with that of home. Also, he proves that the state creates the individual, using the logic that father and mother marry and beget the individual through the state. Then, he draws the conclusion that the individual belongs to the state just as one belongs to one’s parents.
To determine whether the jury of Athenian citizens is justified in convicting Socrates and condemning him to death, it is necessary to ask a question: “Who actually killed Socrates?” The capital sentence on Socrates was the result of the political
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