Application Of Psychological Theory And Research

1445 Words Aug 17th, 2014 6 Pages
Application of psychological theory and research to understanding depression

The case
James was referred to the counselling service for chronic low mood in terms of demonstrating depressed mood, worthless and hopeless feeling, and marked diminished interests or pleasure in university activities and social relationship activities. Based on his background information, it seems that James’ early life experiences and his developed core beliefs of self, world and future have huge impacts on his chronic low mood symptoms.

Possible causes of James’s depression
DSM-5 criteria defines major depressive disorder would be qualified for a diagnosis if it demonstrate five or more of the following symptoms during the same 2-week period and represent a change from previous functioning: depressed mood, marked diminished interests or pleasure in activities, significant changes in weight or appetite, insomnia/hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation, fatigue, hopeless and worthless feelings, diminished concentration, and suicide thoughts or intentions (Kosslyn, Rosenberg, & Lambert, 2012). Previous literatures have identified a number of possible causes that may lead to depression, such as genetics, brain differences, social factors like poverty, ethnicity, and childhood experience (Read, J. & Sanders, P., 2010). There are different schools that use different theories as the basis to analyse how psychological problems and symptoms start and develop into life-affecting depression and distress.…
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