Application Of Theory Of A Mental Health Issue

2880 WordsMay 2, 201712 Pages
Runninghead: APPLICATION OF THEORY TO A MENTAL HEALTH ISSUE Assignment #3: Application of Theory to a Mental Health Issue Gemma K. Vizcocho University of Southern California Professor Joseph Hunter April 21, 2017 Application of Theory to a Mental Health Issue The student was asked to apply a theory that best explains a mental disorder, symptom, or problem. For the purpose of this paper, the student chose substance abuse as the topic. Introduction Substance abuse is serious problem that have negative implications not only on the individual and those closest to them, but on the society as a whole. According to a 2002 National Drug…show more content…
Approximately 95% return to substance use after release from prison, and 60-80% will reoffend (NCADD, 2017). Drug use is a complex issue that is attributed to a lot of factors. Progress have been made in the past 25 years in understanding the etiology that primarily causes and correlates of drug use. Biological Theories Metabolic Imbalance This theory identifies metabolic imbalance as a contributing factor in narcotic addiction. Dole and Nyswander (1980) developed a theory, which argues that heroin addicts suffer from a metabolic disorder. It further states that once an individual starts taking narcotics, a biochemical process “kicks in”, and physiologically, opiate drug cravings occur in the same way as bodies of diabetics crave insulin. The cycle of narcotic doses complete a “metabolic cycle”; narcotics acting as a “stabilizer”, normalizing an existing deficiency in the body. The narcotic abuser becomes addicted as the body continuously craves it. While limited research is available with metabolic imbalance, hormonal imbalance, and addiction, this theory is used as the foundation of the Methadone maintenance treatment program widely used today. Genetic Factors Most research done on genetic factor and addiction focused on alcoholism. Genetic theories states that the genetic make up of individuals place them at a higher risk of drug abuse and
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