Application of Motivational Theories

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There is an old saying “you can take a horse to the water but you cannot force it to drink, it will drink if it’s thirsty—so with people. They will do what they want to do or otherwise motivated to do”. Whether it is to excel on the workshop floor they must be motivated or driven to it, either by them or through external stimulus.

Motivation is a basic psychological process. Few would deny that it is the most important focus in the micro approach to organizational behavior. Along with perception, personality, attitudes, and learning, motivation is presented here as a very important process in understanding behavior. Many people incorrectly view motivation as a personal trait-that is, some have it and others don’t. Our knowledge of
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To do this the manager should be able to motivate employees. But that’s easier said than done!

Motivation practice and theory are subjects, touching on several disciplines. In spite of enormous research, basic as well as applied, the subject of motivation is not clearly understood and more often than not poorly practiced.

To understand motivation one must understand human nature itself. Human nature can be very simple, yet very complex too. An understanding and appreciation of this is a prerequisite to effective employees motivation in the workplace and therefore effective management and leadership.

Quite apart from the benefit and moral value of an altruistic approach to treating colleagues as human being and respecting human dignity in all its forms, research and observations show that well motivated employees are more productive and creative. The inverse also holds true.

Now we will emphasize on six applications of motivational theories that relate motivational theories, which are applied practically in the organization. To know this we have to know the application of motivational theories and then we will able to make link between theories and application. These are:

1) Management by Objectives 2) Employee Recognition Programs 3) Employee Involvement Programs 4) Variable Pay Programs 5)

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