Application of Organizational Behaviour Theory

2792 Words Mar 10th, 2013 12 Pages
Title: The Application of Organizational Behaviour Theory

UB No.: 1100****
Module Leader: David Spicer
Seminar Tutor: Robert Finnigan

Word Count: 2360

I have read the University Regulations relating to plagiarism and certify that the above piece of coursework is all my own work and does not contain any unacknowledged work from any other sources.
Signed: ____________________________
Date: 12.12.2011___________________

In this essay I will cover two topics- ‘Motivation’ and ‘Leadership and Management’. I will describe what each of them means and how they contribute to organizations. Furthermore, I will present and explain the main theories for each subject
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This is actually the level towards which managers are supposed to aspire to as in relation to their subordinates as well as to themselves. Achieving this highest level of motivation in the hierarchy would ensure the maximum use of human potential. Meanwhile in order to reach the highest level of motivation, self-actualization, one must satisfy a whole range of needs- physiological, material, financial, respectful, trustworthy, prestige and etc.

Frederick Herzberg’s theory consists of two factors- motivator and hygiene. He refers to hygiene factors such as salary, job security, working conditions, status and interpersonal relationships and to motivational such as achievement, recognition, work itself, responsibility, advancement, personal growth (Herzberg, F, 1959). The main idea of the theory is that satisfaction and dissatisfaction are independent variables. The hygiene factors can be described as a basis, if they are missing they can cause dissatisfaction but when present they cannot cause satisfaction by themselves, they can only prevent people from feeling dissatisfaction. Consequently, what motivates employees is included in the motivator factors which, on the other hand, when present provoke satisfaction but in absence do not cause dissatisfaction. Alan Chapman (2008) makes an interpretation of the theory by distributing the different factors in the form of a rocket.

Another summary made by Joseph E. Gawel (1997) is: “The satisfiers relate to what a person does
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