Applications Of Behaviorism And Social Cognitive Theories

1811 Words Oct 27th, 2016 8 Pages
Applications of Behaviorism and Social Cognitive Theories
Shirelle Starwood
Capella University

Abstract
This essay examines how Behaviorism and Social Cognitive theories are applied to everyday learning experiences. Behaviorism suggest that human and animal behavior can be explained in terms of conditioning, without appeal to thoughts or feelings, and that psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior patterns. The basic tenets of Behaviorism are as follows: all behavior is learned from the environment and rejects the idea that people have free will to do what they want. Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion, all behavior, no matter how complex, can be reduced to a simple stimulus – response association). Social cognitive theory is the view that people learn by watching others. The basic tenets of the Social Cognitive theory are as follows: Response consequences (such as rewards or punishments) influence the likelihood that a person will perform a particular behavior again in a given situation, humans can learn by observing others, in addition to learning by participating in an act personally. Learning by observing others is called vicarious learning, and individuals are most likely to model behavior observed by others they identify with. Identification with others is a function of the degree to which a person is perceived to be similar to one 's self, in addition to…
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