Applied Personality Theories Essay

2538 Words 11 Pages
There are many people in this world; no two people are the same. When considering personality theories it is important to note that not all theories apply to all situations or all people. Different theories have different approaches. It is important to know the person before making assumptions about the proper theory to apply to the person or in any given situation. The purpose of this paper is to analysis how different personality theorists could interoperate different individual circumstances and behaviors based on case examples provided by the instructor.
When applying different theories to different individuals it is important to consider your own thoughts and feelings about the person and the situation being analyzed. Freud believed
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Hal feels that his parents were never there when he was a child. They sent him and his brother to boarding school. He describes his mother as a "cold" career woman whom never held him and didn't want him. Hal's father has died. Hal said he "respects" his father, he knew his dad loved him; he showed him through teaching. Hal is currently seeing a therapist and has been having sexual fantasies about his therapist.
Carl Rogers & the Person Centered Perspective
Carl Rogers identified six conditions which are needed to produce personality changes in people: relationship, vulnerability to anxiety (on the part of the person), genuineness (the therapist is truly himself and incorporates some self-disclosure), the person's perception of the therapist's genuineness, the therapist's unconditional positive regard for the person, and accurate empathy (Frager & Fadiman, p. 336). Two primary goals of person-centered therapy are increased self-esteem and greater openness to experience. Some of the related changes that this form of therapy seeks to foster in clients include closer agreement between the person's idealized and actual selves; better self-understanding; lower levels of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity; more positive and comfortable relationships with others; and an increased capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur (Frager & Fadiman, p. 336).
I believe that Carl Rogers would say that Hal's therapist is
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