Applying the Background and Methodology of the Research Process to Problems in Healthcare

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Applying the Background and Methodology of the Research Process to Problems in Health Care Definition of the problem Obesity is one of the most serious health issues facing American schoolchildren today. Moreover, exactly how to deal with childhood obesity is a question that vexes parents, politicians, educators, and nutritionists. Students spend a significant part of their day in school and therefore consume a significant proportion of their caloric intake at school. In addition, the school lunch program is important in providing food children from disadvantaged backgrounds (the subsidized National School Lunch program serves over 28 million schoolchildren a day). Thus, the role of schools in shaping the eating habits its of students as well as the potential for school-cafeteria dining to affect students' purchasing patterns is important to consider. Due to changes in school cafeteria practices, a student's food choices are poorer today than they were years ago. Snelling, Korba and Burkley (2007) discuss a Center for Disease control report that observed that in 2003 only 22% of students surveyed admitted to eating five or more servings of fruit and only 17% drank three or more glasses of milk during the seven days prior to being surveyed. Moreover, the intake of sugary drinks containing no significant fruit juices has doubled since the 1990s. Thus, school cafeterias may have a contributing influence on the change in diets observed in school age children and may
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