Approach to Cancer Care Essay

2354 WordsNov 4, 201110 Pages
Approach to Cancer care Nursing 410v Grand Canyon University October 5, 2011 Staging is the process of finding out how much cancer there is in the body and where it is located. It is how the doctor learns the stage of a person's cancer. Doctors use this information to plan treatment and to help predict a person's outlook (prognosis). Cancers with the same stage tend to have similar outlooks and are often treated the same way. The cancer stage is also a way for doctors to describe the extent of the cancer when they talk with each other about a person’s case. Doctors need to know the amount of cancer and where it is in the body to be able to choose the best possible treatment. For example, the treatment for early stage breast…show more content…
The T category describes the original (primary) tumor. The tumor size is usually measured in centimeters (2 and 1/2 centimeters is about 1 inch) or millimeters (10 millimeters = 1 centimeter). · TX means the tumor can't be measured. · T0 means there is no evidence of primary tumor (it cannot be found). · Tis means that the cancer cells are only growing in the most superficial layer of tissue, without growing into deeper tissues. This is also known as in situ cancer or pre-cancer. · The numbers T1, T2, T3, and T4 describe the tumor size and/or level of invasion into nearby structures. The higher the T number, the larger the tumor and/or the more it has grown into nearby tissues. The N category describes whether or not the cancer has spread into nearby lymph nodes. · NX means the nearby lymph nodes cannot be evaluated. · N0 means nearby lymph nodes do not contain cancer. · The numbers N1, N2, and N3 describe the size, location, and/or the number of lymph nodes involved. The higher the N number, the more the lymph nodes are involved. The M category tells whether there are distant metastases (spread of cancer to other parts of body). · MX means metastasis can't be evaluated. · M0 means that no distant metastases were found. · M1 means that distant metastases were found (the cancer has spread to distant organs or tissues). Each cancer type has its own version of this classification system, so letters and numbers don't
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