Approaches and Theories to Childhood or Lifespan Development

864 Words3 Pages
There are various approaches to childhood or lifespan development that a mother could take to address the scenario listed in this assignment. One of the most eminent of these is known as behaviorism. This particular viewpoint posits that people act a certain way to do causes and effects, and that there are generally visibly observable causes and effects the produce and in turn are engendered by such behavior. If one were to use a behaviorism perspective to address this issue, one would note (or perhaps even make a chart of) the varying factors that took place preceding the child's crying which may be for different reasons as well as the effects which take place shortly thereafter. By noticing what factors both induce and desist crying, one could use behaviorism to determine the various reasons and needs of the child. Attachment theory contends that children or baby's cry because they have become attached to things. Those things are quite usually a person, although they can include other physical objects or places, mindsets, etc. Thus, this theory posits that the child is crying because it has been attached to its mother and is removed from her. By keeping the baby with her or close to her at virtually all times, the mother should be able to prevent the child from crying (Bretheron, 1994) especially if he or she is otherwise comfortable (fed, dry, etc.). Psychoanalytic theory was widely popularized by Sigmund Freud, and postulates that there are reasons affecting the
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