Essay on Approaches to crime prevention

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Approaches to crime prevention have emerged over time and are demonstrated in different solutions, practices, and policies executed by law enforcement, courts, corrections, family, and community. Some of the dominant approaches to crime prevention currently used by law enforcement, courts, corrections, family, and community are: situational crime prevention, crime prevention through social development, crime prevention through environmental design, community crime prevention, reduction of recidivism, and policing. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the dominant approaches used for crime prevention and analyze which approaches are most effective. I will identify and apply at least four approaches used in law enforcement, …show more content…
Usually the benefits of committing the crime outweigh the benefits of not committing the crime. The criminals look for easy targets that pose a low risk of being caught, but have a good benefit in return (Worrall, 2008). The routine activity approach states that in order for a crime to occur these elements must be present: an offender motivated to commit the crime, an easy target, and minimal risk of being detected or caught (Worrall, 2008). This approach focuses on how everyday life or daily routines lead to crime. The four methods that are used to manipulate the environment: access control, surveillance, activity support, and motivation reinforcement (Worrall, 2008). Access control means make access difficult for potential crime by locking all doors and windows. Surveillance examples can be installing security cameras and increasing street lighting. Activity support takes the members of the community working together and interacting with each other through community activities (Worrall, 2008). Motivation reinforcement works hand to hand with activity support through building a good rapport with the members of the community (Worrall, 2008). Situational crime prevention has shown to reduce crime immediately with little displacement (Tilley, 2013).
Crime prevention through social development focuses on preventing the risk factors for the potential for

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