Apraxia Of Speech : An Unknown Motor Issue That Affects Their Speech Communication

1874 Words Nov 15th, 2016 8 Pages
Apraxia of speech is a disorder in which an individual has an unknown motor issue that affects their speech communication (Beathard & Robert, 2008). The extent and severity of the apraxia can vary from person to person. Apraxia of speech can occur in both children and adults. Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a newer diagnosis and controversial because it does not have specific markers that differ from other speech acquisition disorders (Beathard & Robert, 2008). For an individual to be diagnosed with apraxia of speech or CAS they must meet 8 out of 11 features and not have structural problems in the speech organs, signs of dysarthric symptoms, hearing problems, and/or have at least average nonverbal intelligence (Martikainen & Korpilahit, 2011). The features of CAS are: limited consonant and vowel repertoire; frequent omission errors; high incidence of vowel errors; inconsistent articulation errors; increased difficulty imitating words and phrases; predominant use of simple syllable shapes; impaired volitional oral movements; reduced expressive language skills compared to receptive language skills; and incorrectness in producing multisyllabic sequences (Beathard & Robert, 2008;Martikainen & Korpilahit, 2011). The treatment options for apraxia of speech are limited. There has been no one treatment that has been found to be superior to others but researchers have been experimenting with different treatment options to see if one will help improve the features of…
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