AP US HISTORY UNIT 9 ESSAY
Analyze the impact of any TWO of the following on the American industrial worker between 1865 and 1900.
The industrial revolution had been made known all over the world, causing huge waves of immigrants to crash into urban cities of the United States. Because of this, many factories sprang up and a typical American industrial worker had to face problems because of immigration and also labor unions, which were created in order to protect factory workers from unfair bosses.
Immigration was seen as a pro for business and factory owners for they were hungry for jobs and would take any no matter how little the pay. These immigrants were seen as ravenous job-stealing people that made the gap in…show more content…
Because of this, the Colored National Labor Union was created by blacks themselves but the differences did not allow them to work together. The National Labor union strongly advocated for eight hour workdays. Another union called the Knights of Labor emerged that first began as a secret society. Their purpose was to include all workers in “one big union.” They allowed everyone: blacks, whites, men, women, the skilled and unskilled. Terence V. Powderly led this union to win several strikes for an eight- hour day. Unfortunately, the Knights of Labor were involved in a violent protest called Haymarket Square. They were mistaken to be associated with anarchists and this brought them to their downfall. Finally, a successful union shows up called the American Federation of Labor (AFL), founded by Samuel Gompers, which only allowed skilled workers. In the end, usually the management won with the strikers having little improvement.
Immigration and labor unions strongly impacted the American. Immigrants mostly impacted the American industrial worker negatively, because of more competition to earn jobs and also the immigrant’s willingness to work for lower wages. Labor unions were created in order to help the workers, but in the end, both created tension and depersonalized the work