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Aquifer In Texas

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An aquifer is a permeable rock underground that bears water, this water can be collected through wells for people to use and drink. Within Texas there are 23 different aquifers, but for Central Texas we tend to favor Edwards Aquifer and due to this many problems have arisen for the aquifer and its inhabitants. We will first discuss the history of Edwards Aquifer, the reasons behind the current issue concerning the aquifer including what species are endangered and why, and lastly what solutions are being set forth.
As early as the 18th century and possibly even before then, Edwards Aquifer was used as a place marker and for domestic human use. Native American tribes including Comanche, Apache, and Tonkawa had been living beside the spring fed
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The Endangered Species Act (ESA)(5) became the instrument that eventually brought state regulation to the Aquifer and the end to unrestricted withdrawals of groundwater. In 1993, a U.S. district court ruled that the Secretary of the Interior allowed takings under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) by not ensuring adequate flows from the Springs. The Texas legislature responded to a court mandated deadline to protect spring flow by establishing the Edwards Aquifer Authority (EAA) to regulate groundwater withdrawals (Votteler, 1998). Some of these organizations and other outside supporters have joined forces in protecting the aquifer over time. Through a stakeholder driven process, the Edwards Aquifer Recovery Implementation Program recommended that the Edwards Aquifer Authority, the City of San Antonio--represented by the San Antonio Water System, the City of San Marcos, the City of New Braunfels, and Texas State University apply for an Incidental Take Permit (ITP) under the Endangered Species Act (Edwards Aquifer Authority, n.d.). This ITP authorizes “take” of certain species resulting from aquifer groundwater pumping and recreational and other activities in the…show more content…
By plans of their cities, I mean where they might expand next or if they want to increase the pumping of water in the area from Edwards Aquifer. What many people do not know is that the species in Edwards Aquifer are beneficial to them from their roles in the environment. Each animal has a role that when put together will all the other roles in the ecosystem, it creates equilibrium and gives the aquifer the potential to survive. With these species gradually coming closer to extinction, an imbalance is created in the ecosystem that allows for the possibility of other species to thrive that might harm the aquifer. If the situation were to continue as it has been, then we will lose the beneficial animals, the aquifer, and would have to deal with the problem of the new species and of finding a new water source. In the end, no one would win, everyone would be a lost and then pressure would possibly be put on another aquifer and then the same problem could
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