Arab Israeli Conflict

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1.1 WHAT IS THE ARAB ISRAELI CONFLICT? The Arab-Israeli conflict is a hotly contested issue both in the Middle East and the broader global community.1 The modern conflict is essentially a dispute over the area known up until 1948 as Palestine, which is considered holy to all three major monotheistic religions.2 The primary parties in the conflict are Israeli (formerly Zionist) Jews and Palestinian Arabs (who are predominately Muslim).3 It is one of the unresolved problems bequeathed to the region by the British and French imperialist powers following the division of the Ottoman Empire between them at the end of World War 1.4 There are many features of the Middle East, specifically Palestine, that account for the interest and rivalry it…show more content…
The agreement carved up the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire and divided control of the region between the two superpowers. Britain’s three agreements were incompatible, and laid the foundations for future frustration and conflict.3 2.2 THE MANDATE PERIOD Following triumph in World War 1, Britain was given a mandate to govern the Holy Land from the League of Nations, from 29 September 1923.13 In August 1929 violence erupted in Palestine between Muslims and Jews over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem. Between 23 and 29 August, 133 Jews were killed and 339 others were injured by Arabs. 110 Arabs were killed and 232 were also injured, many by British police trying to quash the riots.11 In May 1936, the Arab community revolted again against British rule, demanding independence and opposing increasing Jewish immigration.8 During the British mandate, the political landscape of Palestine was completely transformed.1 3.1 World War II Britain’s policies changed drastically throughout the early stages of the Arab Israeli conflict. Britain began to reconsidered her
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