Archaeology, Processual Archaeology And Post Processual Archaeological

1210 Words Feb 8th, 2016 5 Pages
Throughout class so far we have discussed many archaeological schools of thought, some much more intelligible than others. The archaeological schools of thought I will discuss are Culture History Archaeology, Processual Archaeology and Post-Processual Archaeology. The first school of thought I will discuss is Culture History, which came about in the early 20th century. Culture History focuses on defining cultural boundaries and histories by relying on cultural forces of diffusion and migration (Urban et al. 2012: 78). The generalization of culture for this school of thought is that every culture is unique and each culture has their own identifiable material. Given this, their cause for cultural change is natural through diffusion and migration. This means that every culture has something because another culture had the idea first or the culture migrated into the area and changed it. This school of thought understands the role of agency as “normative”, which means culture is as it should be. The second school of thought I will discuss is Processual Archaeology, which became more prominent in the mid-20th century. The general concept of culture for Processualism is the emphasis on methods and evaluating data for behavioral and environmental variables. Given this, Processualists believe the cause of cultural change is an adaptive response to changes in the environment. This leads to their role of agency, which is that culture is an adaptive process. The final school of…
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