Archeological Investigations of the Quin Dynasty

1426 WordsJul 17, 20186 Pages
Located about 40 miles outside of Xian, a city situated in the northeastern section of China, the Tomb of the First Emperor is one of the famous sites of the modern era and has captivated the attention of archaeologists over the past four decades. The site itself is relatively large, with the outer gate being slightly less hen 7,000 yards around and the inner, underground palace containing “a gigantic pit measuring about 300 square yards was excavated in terraces to a depth of more than 100 feet. Archaeologists estimate the size of the subterranean palace built at the bottom of the pit to be about 400 feet by 525 feet, equal to 48 basketball courts” (Hoh, Erling). Yet despite its massive size and the over 40-meter mound that covers the…show more content…
According to some of the most reliable records “the emperor was laid to rest in a bronze casket amid a sea and rivers of mercury, which was circulated by a kind of perpetual-motion device” while “other records describe the emperor being dressed in jade and gold with pearls in his mouth.” The area surrounding Emperor Qin Shihuang’s tomb is said to be complete with a “ceiling…covered with pearl versions of night-sky constellations and the floor covered with a miniature landscape of his empire, with models of pavilions and palaces. Entrances to the vault are booby-trapped with hair-trigger crossbows to pierce intruders with arrows” (Hoh, Erling). Although almost all historical records need further proof in order to be used as evidence, these few examples provide us with an illustrated view into the inside of the tomb. Non-evasive techniques have also been employed in trying to diagram the entirety of the site, and although they don’t evolve actual excavation they were still very successful in the mapping of the site. Chinese archaeologists utilized “remote-sensing technology to probe the tomb mound” and “the technique recently revealed an underground chamber with four stair like walls.” (Wilson, John) They also used geophysical prospecting, electronic probes and underground radar scans on the area above the inner palace. Through this they found that the soil around the

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