Essay about Architectural Basics

2198 Words 9 Pages
Architectural Basics

Architecture is unlike the other arts, such as music, poetry, painting and drama, in that it relates to some of the most basic human survival needs in practical ways. You sleep, eat, work and store your necessities inside buildings; you study, play and worship in and around buildings. It is these three basic concerns of human life--shelter, storage, and social activities--that make architecture the "necessary" art. While you can survive without poems or paintings or songs (though why would you want to?), you cannot survive without buildings. When you approach architecture, therefore, the matters of usefulness and function are really important considerations, just as they would be if you wanted to use a coffee
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Connected with the concept of sound construction is a concern for the building materials, and the site on which the building sits. The idea of a building makes its first move toward physical reality with the preparation of the site for construction. You've probably seen this phase often--the bulldozers and dump trucks uprooting, moving, hauling, smoothing until that piece of earth is as flat as a tabletop. That approach is typical and, from an architectural point of view, devoid of interest in utilizing the potential of the site. None or very few of the original features of the land are preserved and brought into the design for the building. Taking the local materials and site seriously should be important to the architect. One architect who exemplified this attitude was Frank Lloyd Wright. His idea was that the building should intrude as little as possible into the landscape, that it should look as if it springs out of the site andbelongs there. For this reason his approach gained the special name of "organic architecture," emphasizing the living, vital relationship between the earth and the building. Making the best use of the materials in the building is sometimes difficult to judge and will depend to some extent on the taste of the viewer. One approach to considering the way that the materials have been used is to determine the extent to which the wood and stone and brick and steel and glass and blocks have been allowed to
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