Architecture During The 19th Century

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In the 19th century, architecture had great influenced by earlier architecture movements and styles which were adapted to the new technology of the early modern age. The revivals of Greek, Gothic and Renaissance design were fused with engineering methods and materials.1 The development of technology is closely associated with the production and use of materials and steel consumption and was considered as the economic development of many countries, in Europe and America. Steel, iron and aluminium metals are used in building construction, were in the earliest time introduced into the building materials such us: iron and aluminium. In the middle 19th century in architecture emerged characteristic development of new materials as a result of the new industrial needs, rapid development began in the structures in this period. In the building, new forms were demanded to emerge “modern” architecture. In the middle year of the century cast iron and steel was used structurally in a large building which was used mainly for a publics such us: greenhouses, covered markets and halls, passages, exhibition pavilions, utility building and railways. 2

Iron Bridge was known to people at least for 5,000 years, they began to be used in the construction industry as an independent structural material in the second half of the eighteenth century. One of the first engineering structures in the world, built entirely of metal, Cast Iron Bridge is the arched span of 30.5 m, made in Coalbrookdale
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