Architecture Of Europe During The Eighteenth Century

2650 Words Oct 27th, 2014 11 Pages
During the fifteenth century, architecture in Europe underwent a dramatic change in architectural styles, transitioning from Gothic to Renaissance. However for Italy, who had substantially less involvement with Gothic compared to other countries in Europe such as France, not only revolutionised in terms of architecture but also in terms of their social and economic state. With Italy positioned between Western Europe and Byzantium on the east, it acted as the trade hub for products coming out of the Orient, and as a result, trade flourished immensely, with merchants being able to export luxury goods and textile industries. This also affected the civic life especially in Italy’s main cities, dominated with more and more people who were becoming wealthy and powerful not from the traditional source of inherited landholdings, but the new mercantile profits gained from trading.
The economic boom experienced in Italy allowed experimentation and discovery of more imaginative pathways, sparking a revolutionary effect in architecture, sculptures and paintings leading to a view of humanism, allowing empirical observations of the physical world to be answered and expressed through rationalism and individuality. At the same time, the recovery made from humanist scholars of Classical Greek and Roman texts, such as Vitruvius’s De architectura allowed architects to use them as a guide and aspire to construct a then modern world resembling and to better the classical world that has been an…
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