is a sculpturally winding facade with expressive and humanist aspirations that is
Finlandia Concert Hall Location: Finlandia Park, Helsinki, Finland
Architect: Alvar Aalto
Designed in 1962 and completed in 1971
The Finlandia Hall is a congress and event venue built in the centre of Helsinki, Finland, situated on the Töölönlahti Bay. The building, designed by Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, was completed in 1971. Aalto believed that newly independent Finland (granted 1917) needed a central square of its own in the centre of Helsinki. The Finlandia Hall built for Finland’s citizens and its government became the central symbol of the country’s independence. This essay provides an in-depth analysis of the architecture of the Finlandia Hall looking at Alvar Aalto’s theoretical approach to designing the building. A combination of architectural theories were used; functionalism, the human scale, monumentalism, gesamtkunstwerk and expressive modernism.
Alvar Aalto was commissioned to design a concert and congress building in 1962. The building is currently owned by the City of Helsinki. In his master plan for the central city Aalto envisaged many monumental buildings including a museum, library, opera house and a concert hall, all being three-four stories high, with similar façades. However his masterplan would never be carried out in its entirety with the concert hall being the only building to proceed.
Finlandia Hall can be viewed as a