Architecture Of The Taj Mahal

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Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is an ivory white marble mausoleum situated on the south bank of the Yamuna River in the Agra district in Uttar Pradesh, India. It was initially built by Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his wife. The Taj Mahal remains an architectural wonder of the modern world. The construction began around 1632 and completed in 1648, with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653. In all, more than 20,000 workers from India, Persia, Europe and the Ottoman Empire, along with some 1,000 elephants, were brought in to build the tomb complex.
The marble dome is often called an onion dome because of its shape. The onion shaped dome of the taj mahal sits on a massive drum that adds support to the circular top. The mausoleum was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia. It was constructed of white marble decorated with semi-precious stones (including jade, crystal, lapis lazuli, amethyst and turquoise) forming complex designs in a technique known as pietra dura. At its center is the Taj Mahal itself, built of shimmering white marble that appears to change colour depending upon the sunlight or moonlight hitting its surface. Much of the calligraphy is composed of florid thuluth script, made of jasper or black marble, decorated in white marble panels. The four sides of the Taj Mahal are perfectly identical creating an incredibly mirrored image on
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