Architecture Of The Temple Of Artemis At Ephesus

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In this paper I will do the near impossible and try to analyze the remains of the architecture of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (320-650 BCE). Analyzing the remains in term of Art History is nearly impossible because there is nothing left outside but some foundations that consist of piles of rocks. These are most likely the bases of the temples columns. The site only has one actual column that is still intact. Although, it looks as though it has been pieced together with scrap. A number of artists have created their interpretations of what they believed the temple looked like based on the descriptions of Pliny and others. If one was to analyze the temple based on modern renderings of it, they would say that it was influenced both by Greek and Near East architecture. The description given by Pliny speaks of their being a life size statue of Artemis that stood on a platform in the center of the temple. This statue of Artemis was unlike the common Greek interpretation of her as the goddess of the hunt. Instead, this version of her is seen as a fertility goddess. A statue of her that was uncovered at the site of Ephesus depicts Artemis as being covered in breasts, which symbolize fertility. The excavators also found a nearly intact plate of a woman’s head and a part of frieze that shows the god Hermes and who many believe to be Persephone. The remains of the temple are located in Ephesus which is presently Turkey and had been originally built during the Persian Empire’s
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