Are Classical Approaches to Organizational Behavior Relevant in Today

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Growth and change in nature and structure of organizations have made the ability of management to develop new approaches vital. Since the end of 19th century the conception of an organization has evolved and altered into various forms. When discussing classical management models, it is of great importance to take into consideration that they originated in past, not current economic and social conditions. Therefore, implementing a clear classical approach could hardly lead to anything else but the reasons for the necessity of its very change in the past. On the other hand, modern management models are a result of decades long development in the management practice. Understanding the basic models they originated from makes a manager more…show more content…
In this context one does not take interest in personality of the participants.

Before the Scientific management introduced by Taylor, the management of an organization was a question of distribution of the wages.

In this scheme anyone could be the manager as long as the rules of management are followed. Firstly, the manager should study in detail the whole working process in its conceptual whole and systemize it. This is a function neither of the workers, being specialized in only a part of the process, could do. This way the process could be rationalized and simplified. When imposed, division of work would make possible the involvement of people who are not specialists and repetitive simple tasks could be assigned to anyone.

Another classical writer, Feyol, conceptualized the management process into 6 main steps: forecasting, planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling. Running a successful organization would suggest analyzing the conditions and strategic planning based on previously set goals. Fayol’s organizational model attaches importance to several rules. The working process had to be systematized by division of work so that workers are specialized. They had to be disciplined but initiative was encouraged. Equity, remuneration and stability of tenure were also important. On the other hand authority
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