Are Deep Squats a Safe and Viable Exercise?
The purpose of this review is primarily to consider the potential impact of deep squats as an exercise in order to determine whether or not it can be considered to be a safe and viable exercise. The squat exercise has played a significant role in the history of the fitness industry and within fitness training in general; the exercise also has strong links with exercise rehabilitation and strength training for a better performance within sport. It is important, however, to determine what is meant by the term 'deep squats '. The squat is a functional movement that can be performed without resistance or with loaded resistance, typically using a barbell. The movement is performed by flexing and…show more content…
This review will discuss a major variant, “Squat Depth”, in regards to the safety factors within the exercise as many professionals have produced different studies that have shown a variety of different results.
There is a continued discussions and reviews among professionals within the strength and conditioning world regarding the most appropriate foot placement and the depth that should be reached when squatting, thoose debates involve stress on the knees and the recruitment of muscles and muscle activation. Previously many professionals have stated that the squat is one of the most popular and important functional exercises when it comes to developing strength and power, the squat is commonly incorporated into many strength and conditioning programs as well as major rehabilitation programs(Abelbeck et al 2002).
The concerns that are raised about the safety of squatting and increased knee flexion angles can be traced back to studies performed by Klein in 1961 (Klein K 1961). Klein used a personally developed device to help analyse the knees of weightlifters who compete regularly and perform frequent deep squats. Klein 's study showed that these competitors showed an increase in joint pain within the collateral and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), thus potentially compromising the stability of their knee joints. Klein concluded that any weighted squats should be limited on the angle of flextion within the knee joint, thus limiting the depth to a half-knee