Are Sweatshops Better Than No Jobs at All? Essay

997 Words4 Pages
A sweatshop is defined as a factory where manual workers are employed at very low wages for long hours in unsafe working environments (Oxford Dictionary, 2011). Sweatshops are especially associated with clothing industries, such as Nike, Gap, Walmart, Primemark and other brand names. Sweatshop history begins in 1830 with clothing factories in New York City and London, even then the working conditions were poor, e.g. rat infestation. Since the 1850s worker unions have improved “sweatshops” conditions in the first world, and the term “sweatshop” is more associated with factories in the developing world. The statement that ‘sweatshops in developing countries are better than no jobs’ has many arguments for and against them, which will be…show more content…
This improves workers standard of life. Sweatshops are not replacing high paid jobs but rather provide work over farming, unemployment or the more dangerous alternatives of prostitution or crime, which the unemployed may be forced into. Sweatshops in developing countries are key to the growth of the local economy by creating more work for individuals. The increased workforce keeps a local economy alive by increasing local’s purchasing power, allowing other local businesses to flourish. Rural areas are in danger of depopulation as workers leave for higher paid factory jobs, and urban sprawl can lead to unsuitable living condition i.e. slums. The product produced in sweatshops boosts exports in host countries to where the consumer demand is. Exports bring money into a country, which increase the exporting nation’s Gross Domestic product (GDP). Arnold (2005) states; “Exploitation of a national resource-inexpensive labour- allows developing countries to expand export activities and to improve their economics.” Economist Zwolinski (2011) agrees that sweatshops are doing something to help and the exchange between employer and worker is mutually beneficial; as companies aim to keep their production cost low and provide consumers with commodities, whilst creating jobs. Internationalization of global economic activities across national boundaries has led to global commodity chains (GCC), which are either buyer driven or producer driven. Buyer driven GCC involve businesses such
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