Are You Planning A Trip?

2028 Words Sep 2nd, 2016 9 Pages
Are you planning a trip to Europe? Are you interested in history and ancient architecture? If you are going to Europe, don’t forget to visit Turkey. And once you get to Turkey, don’t get stuck in Istanbul, because you need to make sure you go and visit Ephesus. Ephesus is a city that’s rich in Greek and Roman history, with many prominent attractions and ruins that you won’t want to miss.

History
Ephesus is an ancient Greek city that was founded on the coast of the Aegean Sea during the 10th century BC. It was founded by Attic and Ionian colonists on the former site of the Arzawan capital. The Romans gained control of Ephesus in 129 BC, at which time the city began to flourish. Estimates place the population of the city at around 50,000 souls during its peak under Roman rule. Under the Romans, many prominent features were constructed which we can still visit today. The most famous Roman contribution was the Temple of Artemis, of which relatively little remains to this day. There are some ruins, however, that visitors can see that remain even after the temple was destroyed by the Goths. The Ephesos amphitheatre is another impressive site which still remains mostly intact. This open air theater could hold 25,000 spectators, and was used for drama and gladitorial combat. As a result of the gladiators, a graveyard is nearby that was discovered in 2007 that contains the remains of many who perished in the battles held there. The Romans also built the Temple of…
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