Are human rights innate and universal? Essay

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Are human rights innate and universal? Living Human Rights Post WWII on the 10 December 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was espoused by the General Assembly of the United Nations in order to agree on the notion that such atrocities that occurred throughout the Great War and the Second World War would not ever be reciprocated. The document that was drawn up in less than two years by the UN and Western states, and although ambitious it would guarantee a premise for life and living for every individual all over the world. The UDHR are founded on nobility, equality and reverence, and are said to be aimed at all cultures and religions within the West and East of the globe. However there is great discrepancy regarding…show more content…
An unknown critic of the 1970s wrote “Human rights might turn out like a Trojan Horse, surreptitiously introduced into other civilisations, which will then be obliged to accept those ways of living, thinking and feeling for which human rights is the proper solution in cases of conflict”, (Donnelly, 1982). Many rights are not relevant to culture and life in third world countries such as the rights of a woman, and cultural relativism is a challenging concept for the world to accommodate to. It is not possible to have ‘universal’ human rights where in some parts of the world marriage is seen as a correspondence between families instead of a commitment between man and woman. It is almost impossible for integration between contrasting cultures to exist. An example of this is the social groups in Africa. Most of the social groups within Africa believe in the ‘four R’s’ being respect, restraint, responsibility and reciprocity, instead of defined rights (Tharoor, 2000). The complete group takes greater priority over the rights of the individual, and many crucial political decisions are resolved through communal debate rather than an individual’s opinion of rights. Constructing a ‘right’ way of life for people to abide by is morally and ethically unjust. All cultures have

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