Are the Classical Management Functions useful in describing managerial work

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Are the Classical Management Functions Useful in Describing Managerial Work? Author(s): Stephen J. Carroll and Dennis J. Gillen Source: The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 12, No. 1 (Jan., 1987), pp. 38-51 Published by: Academy of Management Stable URL: . Accessed: 08/09/2014 02:29 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new…show more content…
McCall and Segrist (1980) found that the activities found in four of Mintzberg 's ten roles (figurehead, disseminator, disturbance handler, and negotiator) overlapped too much with the activities found in other roles to be considered separate. Also an examination of the McCall and Segrist (1980) factor loadings for the items they used to measure Mintzberg 's roles indicates that many of the items for the remaining six Mintzberg role scales also loaded heavily on several factors rather than one. Lau, Newman, and Broedling (1980) used Mintzberg 's framework to develop 50 questionnaire items which were administered to 210 government managers and then factor analyzed. Instead of Mintzberg 's ten roles, they found four factors (leadership and supervision, information gathering and dissemination, technical problem solving, and executive decision making-planning-resource allocation). Although this study indicated that managers spend some time in leadership as well as in information gathering and dissemination activities as Mintzberg indicated, it was not supportive of Mintzberg 's findings. Kurke and Aldrich (1983) observed four top executives (two public/two private) for one week. Using Mintzberg 's coding categories, they found these managers carried out a large number of different activities per day, that the jobs were

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