Arend Lipjhart 's Majoritarian Model Of Democracy

1466 Words Nov 2nd, 2014 6 Pages
Arend Lipjhart’s majoritarian model of democracy is closely linked to the Westminster style of government, and it is the similarities between the Majoritarian model and this government that has resulted in this model being referred to as the Westminster model. This majoritarian model places emphasis on single party cabinets, concentrated power and the majority rule. Despite the initial appearance that Westminster has deviated from the majoritarian model, upon closer inspection it is clearly shown that the Westminster system is still a strong majoritarian system. This essay attempts to analyse Lipjhart’s model and the relevance that it is to the present day coalition Government at Westminster, and the ways in which the traditional majoritarian system has been challenged in recent years.
In his work, the first area of that Lijphart analyses focuses on the Executive-Parties dimension of the Majoritarian or Westminster model. Lijphart claims that “the British one-party system and bare majority cabinet is the perfect embodiment of the principle of majority rule” (Lijphart, 2012, p. 10). This if the first aspect of his work which the current Westminster model challenges. The current Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition goes against one of Lipjhart’s fundamental principles of the Majoritarian system. Prior to 2010, in Westminster, Lijphart claims that coalitions were a thing of the past, “Especially since 1945 there have been few exceptions to the British norm of one-party…
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